Key Points for NGOs and NGO Coordination Bodies to Consider
- Identify and link to existing, established coordination mechanisms in place.
- Is government capacity strong and are they leading humanitarian response and coordination? What can be done to better support or encourage government coordination?
- If there is country-level coordination that is non-humanitarian, then determine if this will be transformed, or if separate humanitarian coordination architecture will be established
- International Inter-agency Humanitarian Coordination Architecture (IASC or UNHCR-led approaches) may have been triggered or may be triggered depending on the size of the emergency, existing capacity, and whether the government requests international assistance[link to the International Inter-agency Humanitarian Coordination Architecture section of website]. If it has been triggered then NGOs must determine how best to work beside and within these structures
- If the size of the emergency does not trigger the IASC or UNHCR-led approaches, then will there be any changes to existing coordination structures?
- If formal NGO humanitarian coordination does not exist (or is development-focused only), then NGOs will need to re-organise themselves to find a place in the new context.
Quick Checklist for NGOs to Organise Themselves
- Do NGOs have a place in current country coordination structures, humanitarian or otherwise?
- Is this an effective role and representation?
- Is there agreement on NGO representation?
- Do NGO structures need to adapt?
- What changes to the current coordination model are needed?
- Do NGO coordination governance arrangements need to change?
- Should membership of the NGO coordination structure be widened?
- Should people in leadership positions change if new NGO leaders, or new NGOs, come in for the emergency?
- Are NNGO/INGO links working effectively and should they change for this emergency?
- Should new/alternate funding sources for the coordination structure be located?
- Are new capacity-building/training initiatives needed for the NGO community?
- What roles will NGOs now take on in any newly established working groups for the broader architecture? Will any NGOs lead or co-lead clusters?
- What about establishing specific working groups for NGO collaboration for the new context—security, advocacy, HR, logistics, etc.?
- Do NGOs and their partners understand the broader humanitarian coordination mechanisms? Should a briefing for NGOs on this be held?
- Does an NGO briefing pack need to be developed for new NGOs?
- Should regular briefings on NGO and broader humanitarian coordination structures need to be held?
- Does a briefing about the NGO community need to be developed for other stakeholders?
- Are information-sharing mechanisms adequate or do they need to change?
- Is an NGO security coordination structure needed and who would lead this? Link to the security coordination page
Quick Use Tools/Links to Launch NGO Coordination
A good place to start is through this website as it includes examples of the following tools and information, or links to relevant resources:
Sample ToR for NGO Coordination body including aims/objectives, etc.
Review the NGO Coordination Bodies Profiles to discover if there is already an NGO coordination body (with INGOs/NNGOs) in that country
Cluster coordination—infographic of clusters, guidance on cluster coordination